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Welcome to Ukraine

Geographical position.
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603700 sq.km. Ukraine borders on Russian Federation in the east and northeast, Belarus in the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west, Romania and Moldova in the southwest. In the south Ukraine is washed by the Black and Azov Seas. The Dnipro River that runs through its territory is one of the largest rivers in Europe. Cultural and economic centers are Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Chernihiv etc. Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It is the ancient city, rich in historical monuments, inscribed in UNESCO list – Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, St. Sophia’s Cathedral and so on.

Population and ethnic groups.
The population is about 45.7 million people, average population density is about 83 people per 1 sq. km. Ethnic groups: Ukrainians - 73%, Russians - 22%, Belarusians - 5%, Moldovans, Hungarians, Bulgarians, Poles, and Crimean Tatars.

Languages.
Ukrainian (official language), Russian, Tatar language, Polish.
National currency.Hryvnia (UAH).

Political system.
Presidential-parliamentary republic.
Political structure. Ukraine is an independent sovereign state (since 1991 year). The nation’s fundamental law is the Constitution. The President is the formal head of state and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The highest legislative body is a unicameral parliament - the Verkhovna Rada. The highest executive body is the Cabinet of Ministers.
Religion. Orthodox - 76%, Greek Catholics- 13,5%, Muslims - 8,2%, Catholics, Protestants, Jews.

Climate.

Ukraine has a mostly temperate continental climate, although a more subtropical and Mediterranean climate are found on the southern Crimean coast. The average January temperature in the northeast is around - 7 ° C in the southwest - 4 ° C. On the southern coast of Crimea in the winter the temperature stays positive. The average July temperature in the northwest is +18°С, in the south +24°С. The main quantity of precipitation is brought by Atlantic air masses, the majority of plain territories gets more than 500-600 mm of precipitation per year while the southern steppes gets only 250-300 mm, which is insufficiently for agriculture.

Tourism.
Excellent climatic conditions of the country and the mountains of Carpathians and Crimea give an opportunity to develop all the kind of active tourism while the extended seashore attracts fans of marine recreation.
There are many traces of ancient civilization culture and nation which are preserved on Ukraine territory – from ancient Kurgans, Pryazovye hill forts and Greek cities on the coastal part of the Black Sea to ancient Slavic settlements and classical architectural examples of later ages. There are many unique natural and historical monuments in Ukraine, such as: Askania-Nova, Kamyano-Stepove Prybuzhzhe, national cultural reserve on Khortytsia island, Sofiyivsky Park arboretum, Chersonesus etc.
Excursions: Kyiv, Kamyanets-Podilsky, Chernihiv, Lviv, Odesa, Crimea etc.
Seashore resorts: Crimea - Yalta, Alushta, Sudak, Feodosiya, Koktebel, Novyi Svit, Yevpatoria ets. Odesa – Karolino-Buhaz, Arcadia, Zatoka.
Mountain tourism, hiking: Carpathians.
Recovery and recreation: Truskavets, Svaliava, Myrhorod, Morshyn, Khmelnyk etc.

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